Dental Scaling and Polishing – Explanation 

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Maintaining good oral hygiene goes beyond regular brushing and flossing. Dental scaling and polishing are crucial components of preventive dental care that contribute significantly to overall oral health and a confident smile.

Read “Dental Scaling and Polishing – Explanation” to understand all the differences between the processes.

What is Dental Scaling?

Dental scaling is a professional procedure aimed at cleaning the teeth thoroughly, particularly focusing on areas below the gum line.

It involves the removal of plaque, tartar (hardened plaque or calculus), and other debris that accumulate on the teeth and gums. This process is vital in preventing gum diseases, cavities, and other oral health issues.

The procedure typically involves the use of specialized dental instruments, such as ultrasonic scalers or hand scalers, which the dentist or dental hygienist employs to carefully remove the accumulated plaque and tartar.

Advantages of Dental Scaling

  • Prevents Gum Disease
  • Prevents Tooth Decay
  • Fresher Breath
  • Healthier Gums
  • Aesthetic Benefits

Disadvantages of Dental Scaling

  • Potential Tooth Sensitivity
  • Gum Irritation
  • Rare Risk of Infection
  • Discomfort During Procedure
  • Expense

What is Dental Polishing?

Dental polishing is a procedure performed by dental professionals as a part of oral hygiene maintenance.

It involves the smoothing and shining of the tooth surfaces to remove stains, plaque, and minor imperfections. This process is typically done after dental scaling.

During dental polishing, the dentist or dental hygienist uses a small, rotating rubber cup or brush attachment on a dental handpiece. This cup or brush is coated with a polishing paste that contains abrasives.

The dentist applies this paste onto the teeth and moves the rotating cup or brush across the surfaces of the teeth.

Advantages of Dental Polishing

  • Improved Aesthetics
  • Removal of Plaque and Stains
  • Smooth Tooth Surfaces
  • Fresh Breath
  • Enhanced Oral Health

Disadvantages of Dental Polishing

  • Enamel Abrasion
  • Potential for Gum Irritation
  • Temporary Sensitivity
  • Not a Permanent Solution
  • Cost Considerations

Comparison of dental scaling and polishing

Dental Scaling

Dental scaling and root planing focuses on the removal of plaque and tartar buildup from the tooth surfaces, especially below the gum line.
Tooth scaling involves using specialized instruments to scrape off hardened plaque and tartar from the teeth. This process reaches areas that regular brushing and flossing might miss.
Scaling primarily targets the removal of bacterial deposits that contribute to gum diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis.

Dental Polishing

Dental polishing aims to smoothen and polish the tooth surfaces after scaling, removing surface stains and plaque remnants.
A rotating rubber cup or brush with a polishing paste is used to buff and shine the tooth surfaces, giving them a smoother appearance.
Polishing focuses on enhancing the aesthetics of the teeth by removing minor surface imperfections and stains.

Connection between Scaling and Polishing

  • Dental scaling and polishing are often performed together as a part of a comprehensive dental cleaning session. Scaling precedes polishing.
  • Scaling removes the tough, hardened deposits of plaque and tartar, while polishing smoothens the tooth surfaces and removes superficial stains, complementing the effects of scaling.
  • Both procedures contribute to better oral health by reducing the risk of gum diseases, cavities, and other dental issues, ensuring cleaner and healthier teeth and gums.

While scaling and polishing serve different purposes, they are interconnected components of preventive dental care. Scaling targets deep-seated deposits, while polishing addresses surface imperfections, combining to improve oral hygiene and the overall appearance of teeth.

Regular professional cleanings that include both scaling and polishing are essential for maintaining optimal oral health. Both procedures enhance your smile and the health of your tooth roots without the need of local anesthetics.

Conclusion - Importance of Dental Scaling and Polishing

Preventative Dental Care

Regular dental visits and deep cleanings also prevent a lot of periodontal diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis. By eliminating plaque and tartar, it reduces the risk of cavities and tooth decay.

Oral Health Benefits

The procedure contributes to healthier gums, fresher breath, and improved overall oral hygiene. It also plays a role in preventing more severe dental issues that may require invasive treatments.

Aesthetics and Confidence Boost

Besides health benefits, a polished smile enhances aesthetics. Stain removal during polishing teeth leads to a brighter smile, boosting confidence.

Do you have any further questions regarding tartar removal and tooth polishing? Then contact the highly qualified team of our dental clinic in Turkey – Cosmedica Dental in Istanbul. We will help you and advise you on dental treatments!